Friday, April 17, 2015

How To Handle Depression

Depression is actually a mental state challenge in which the person concerned has literally lost it as the case may be. 

Losing it in this context means that the person no longer feels that there is a need to be alive, the person has nothing to live for and so all hope is lost.

The things that lead to depression in adult hood are legion especially among the non working class. There are many able young persons who have acquired good education but can not lay their hands on any meaningful job, a time may come in their lives when they feel that there is nothing else to do than to throw in the towel.

Depression is also common amongst those suffering from terminal illnesses like Cancer, they feel that whatever they do, someday it will all be over and so there is no point in postponing the evil day.

Persons suffereng from depression also have a tendency to commit suicide.

In my own view, the following ways would help to either stop depressive tendency or bring someone out of depression

1.     As early in life as possible, children should be made to know that life is not a bed of roses and that there are pendulums in life, swings which alternate between fortune and failure and that the person who would have a story to tell is the one who masters how to be unfazed which ever phase life brings to him or her.

2.    Children should be encouraged to communicate with their parents, and not to bottle up their emotions, their fears, their joys and sadness, their successes and failures

3.     Parents should be aware of the growing needs of their children and help them to grow better. Parents should not talk down on their children or curse them unnecessarily

4.     Socialization is one good way of overcoming depression

5.    Volunteering is also a good way of overcoming depression because activity 
suggests life.

6.     If eventually someone comes down with severe depression, then there is a good need to consult a Physician

Certainly, these would go a long way towards ameliorating the effects of depression

What of you, how do you think depression can be handled?

Drop your comments in the comment box and I shall keep up with you

Thanks for reading


Sunday, April 12, 2015

10 Facts You Didn't Know About Sperm

•The Majority of Sperm is Abnormal

Humans aren’t great at making sperm. In fact, over 90 percent of any given expulsion is malformed. As monogamous animals our sperm does not have to be perfect since the sperm is typically not competing against another person’s sperm.

•Sperm Factory

Although there’s a large turnover of sperm, the latest studies suggest that sperm takes more than two whole months to form.

•Mister Acrosome, Tear Down This Wall!

Sperm wears a helmet that allows it to fertilize the egg. The helmet is called an acrosome. When the sperm hits the egg the acrosome releases chemicals that melt the surface of the egg so that the sperm can enter.

•One Testicle is OK

If someone is born without a testicle, or there is an accident, that person can still conceive. In fact, the other testicle usually grows in order to compensate. Lance Armstrong has had two naturally conceived children since he lost a testicle to cancer.


The Y chromosome is the chromosome that makes a male a male. Every other chromosome in the body is a combination of your mother’s genes and father’s genes, but the Y chromosome cannot be mixed. So a male’s Y chromosome is identical his father’s Y chromosome, and his father’s Y chromosome, and so on.

•Can’t Stop, Won’t Stop

Women are born with all the eggs they will ever have and usually in their middle age they’re done being fertile. Men, on the other hand, are always producing sperm. Of course, the quality of the sperm does degenerate a bit with age.

•Unknown Intruder

Created late in human development, or puberty, sperm cells could be attacked by the immune system because they are unknown. Luckily, there are cells that surround and protect the sperm so that they aren’t attacked.

•The Sperm is Just the Vehicle

We often think we’re a sperm/egg combination that grew. But the sperm is irrelevant. Researchers kill the sperm when creating test-tube babies and then they inject the dead sperm into the egg. The DNA inside the sperm is the only thing the egg needs.

•Stay Cool

For the sake of the fragile sperm, testicles have to stay about seven degrees cooler than the rest of the body. That’s why testicles hang outside of the body. When testicles shrink in the cool weather it’s just to get more body warmth.

•The Entire Population of Brazil

Each expulsion is only about half of a teaspoon. Not much, right? Actually, there are 200 million sperm in each expulsion and all of them are competing to fertilize the egg. That’s two-thirds of the population of the United States!

Locating Your Veins Made Easier - Behold The Vein Viewer

                                                     Image courtesy

Vein Viewer Means No More Poking People Relentlessly to Locate Veins

If you are scared of the needle because you have difficult-to-locate veins, there is some good news for you.

To keep the guesswork out of injections, a Memphis-based company Christie Medical Holdings, has designed a device that can locate veins inside a person’s arm using harmless near-infrared light.

VeinViewer is a vein finder that uses infrared light to look under the skin and projects an HD image of the veins onto the surface of the skin.

There won’t be any miss when the doctors and nurses poke you with a needle next time.

This highly portable device helps hospital staff to immediately locate a vein inside a person’s arm. It can find veins up to 0.4 inches or 10mm deep.

The light detects hemoglobin in the blood and then instantly illuminates the intricate network of veins.

The light is totally painless but highly accurate, increasing both first-stick success and patient satisfaction.

Check out this video from YouTube:

How To Combat Halitosis (Mouth Odour)

Let me start by saying WE ALL HAVE SOME DEGREE/LEVEL OF HALITOSIS OR MOUTH ODOUR OR BAD BREATH. It's like our finger print, like our unique signature, even some families have such running amongst its members, but depending on what time of the day, with or without activity, the intensity of the smell people or you perceive, can range from say a scale of 1 to 10.

So, if you had just woken up, after having slept several hours, you are sure to get something tending towards 10, while even without brushing, and you eat, it is most likely to drop to something far less than you would've recorded earlier, because you would've worked your saliva, which was STALE, since it was stagnant, while you slept.

Halitosis is a difficult subject to discuss, especially when a patient presents with such to a dentist, because there are many factors that determines how people come to know they have halitosis. The thing is, if you look for halitosis, you will find it, even when it isn't easily observable by people very close to you, while those with noticeable odour from a mile off, usually tend not to be aware of their precarious situation, and many times are wont to throw their "blessings" on others without provocation, and at will.

The causes of halitosis are a myriad, and knowing and understanding them is key to understanding how to go about solving it. Some of causes are associated with the mouth and its immediate environment, while others have to do with sites elsewhere in the body but manifesting in the mouth as unpleasant odour (infact, many systemic diseases are routinely discovered for the first time during visits to the dentist). The most challenging of the causes to treat are those that border on the psychological.

A major culprit for halitosis in an otherwise clean mouth is SALIVA. Stagnant saliva in someone that has been sleeping, or people working at activities/jobs were speaking isn't a requirement tend to keep lots of saliva in the mouth, and it takes a while after they resume speaking for the level to drop to less unpleasant levels even without doing anything besides swallowing their saliva. Such people could ensure that they drink some water in between periods of quiet (that is when they aren't sleeping), or find other ways to work their saliva, thus preventing a situation whereby their saliva is stagnant.

Chewing gum used to be an option, but even sugar-free gum which is less likely to cause dental caries (cavity/hole in tooth), can cause the teeth to wear off the first layer, exposing the second layer, which is more sensitive, thereby causing the problem of hypersensitivity (treated with a desensitizing paste for instance) while trying to solve halitosis, hence it is now widely disregarded as one of the solutions for halitosis.

Consumption of bland fruits are also an option here and may stand in the place of just food in order to WORK THE SALIVA, while you should note that the consumption of odoriferous fruits and food substances will leave behind, in the mouth, their signature odours, which contribute their own quota to increasing the persons' halitosis levels closer to the "10" extreme we have set for the purpose of this write-up.

For the early morning situation, it is advisable to brush in the morning after breakfast rather than before, and the last thing at night, if one can manage that. However, for the rest of the day, simply rinsing the mouth, after every meal should suffice, even when one intends to drink the water following a meal it is not a bad idea to rinse the mouth with the water, before sending it in!

Cleaning the mouth mustn't include just brushing, but also FLOSSING the spaces between teeth, to remove food debris stuck therein, which on decaying also contributes to halitosis, and most importantly the regular visit to the DENTIST for a SCALING & POLISHING in which areas that can't be reached by brushing or even flossing can be cleaned using the appropriate manual or automated dental instruments. The use of ANTIBACTERIAL MOUTHWASHES should not be an alternative to brushing using a FLUORIDE containing TOOTHPASTE, the physical brushing activity goes a long way in keeping the teeth clean and free of food debris, while the mouthwashes usually clear the mouth of BACTERIA, leaving the other oral flora of VIRUSES and FUNGI to roam unimpeded with the peculiar challenges that may follow from that.

Food debris, left in the mouth for long, especially those abundantly laced with sugars (processed or not), serve as nidus for oral microflora to feed on, releasing products of metabolism which are capable of breaking down tooth surfaces leading to cavities, that hold further food debris, and microorganisms that continue the degradation of tooth substance till a huge and deep hole is formed, that may lead to pain when the nerves become involved, besides its contribution to halitosis because of the debris, and consequent inability to properly brush the affected side due to pain or swelling associated with the tooth of and by the individual in question. These can be combated by the dentist who may place a filling on the tooth, or carry out a ROOT CANAL TREATMENT or an EXTRACTION, as the case may dictate, and in so doing reduce level of halitosis.

The gum may become swollen and less apposed to the teeth in reaction to certain drugs such as those used by HYPERTENSIVE individuals and EPILEPTICS. Such individuals may have to see their physicians for a modification of their drugs to something less reactive on the gum. The gum may also swell at the margins, where the gum meets the teeth because of the presence of deposits such as PLAQUE, which when CALCIUM from SALIVA is attached becomes the hardened CALCULUS, which is not easily removed by brushing, but during Scaling and Polishing by the dentists. Apart from causing halitosis, uncontrolled growth of calculus can separate the teeth from the gum and surrounding periodontal/attachment tissues, such that in very bad cases, removing long-standing calculus might even make the teeth mobile.

Outside of the mouth are a myriad of systemic diseases with oral manifestations such as halitosis. KETOSIS BREATH is associated with individuals with TYPE-1 DIABETES, where sufferers appear to many like they might have had lots to drink, when they had infact been sober. ANOREXICS may also present with halitosis because of the frequency of vomits, which also has the effect of burning the surfaces of teeth, because of the acidic content from the stomach.
Apart from the illnesses which have presentations such as these, there are also the reaction of the tissues in the mouth to the medications used for their treatment, resulting in halitosis as I have briefly mentioned above.

Habits such as consumption of certain odoriferous fruits, stimulants, food substances, as well as smoking, drinking of alcohol, even of sweet fizzy drinks with bitter aftertaste, all contribute their own quota to halitosis, and may have to be curtailed or modified if one is to fight halitosis.

When all the precautions have been taken, and regular visits to the dentist, and to the physician for the management of systemic conditions (manifesting as halitosis in the mouth) have been complied with, without let, and the situation remains, or the individual still feels that there hasn't been any improvement, even when the dentist can tell that the situation has improved considerably (as there will always be that latent signature odour you will find when you hold your palm against your mouth, to direct the air from your mouth to your nostrils, even seconds after brushing), then it has moved to something psychological, for which (s)he may now have to see a shrink for some sessions on SELF ESTEEM and SELF WORTH.

All that I have touched on, in the above, does not nearly cover the whole gamut of halitosis and related issues, but I believe it is enough to spur you on the path to working towards reducing your level of halitosis, on our adopted scale.

Submitted by a Guest Blogger 

Wednesday, April 8, 2015

7 Signs You’re Way Too Stressed

7 Signs You’re Way Too Stressed

Jenny Wallenda, Matriarch Of Daredevil Family, Dies At 87

Jenny Wallenda, Matriarch Of Daredevil Family, Dies At 87

Teen Attacks Paramedic Who Stopped Ambulance Sex Session

Teen Attacks Paramedic Who Stopped Ambulance Sex Session

South Carolina Officer Is Charged With Murder In Black Man’s Death

South Carolina Officer Is Charged With Murder In Black Man’s Death

4 Lessons 'Mad Men' Can Teach Us About The Workplace Of The Future

4 Lessons 'Mad Men' Can Teach Us About The Workplace Of The Future

The Burden Of Tuberculosis

The Burden Of Tuberculosis

The Burden Of Tuberculosis

Health authorities should devote more efforts to containing the disease

Tuberculosis, better known by its acronym TB, still constitutes a major health problem in Nigeria.

This much was brought to the fore last week at the World TB Day in Abuja.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) 10-year strategy (2006-2015) to cut down the burden of TB in the world worked elsewhere as it reportedly saved some 37 million lives while some countries succeeded in halving the prevalence of the disease. But in Nigeria, the reverse is the case. 

According to the National TB and Leprosy Control Programme (NTBLCP), over 600,000 new cases of tuberculosis have occurred in Nigeria, the highest in Africa, from a global report conducted in 2014.

Indeed, WHO has ranked Nigeria third out of 22 countries with high prevalence of TB in the world.

The world health body is particularly worried because a substantial number of the people infected in Nigeria are unreported or undiagnosed.

Dr. Rui Gama Vaz, WHO country representative in Nigeria said some 15 per cent of the three million people undiagnosed for TB around the world are in Nigeria, most of them women and children in slum neighbourhoods where poor ventilation and squalor abet the spread of the disease.

“If you do not reach those women and children infected”, said Vaz, “they will continue to spread TB in their communities.” 

Tuberculosis is perhaps the single leading cause of death from any single infectious agent.

It is caused by a bacterium which most commonly affects the lungs and transmitted from person to person through air droplets.

TB affects all species of vertebrates and though control measures had reportedly limited the spread through animals, they (particularly cattle) still constitute a significant source of risk in countries like Nigeria where meat and milk inspection by health officials are often overlooked. 

“You cannot have good public health unless you have good animal health,” said James Steele. “And you cannot have good animal health unless you have good public health”.

Globally, some 13 per cent of TB patients are also afflicted with HIV, and said to be the leading cause of death among people living with HIV.
But tuberculosis is a curable disease. However, that is dependent on early detection and correct diagnosis aided with proper treatment.

Many patients afflicted with TB do not complete the TB therapy and even worse, many do not make themselves available for treatment.

Indeed, failure to complete the treatment and the mismanagement of drugs had led to the death of many patients and the increase in variants of the disease that are drug-resistant. 

Nigeria has the second highest multi-drug resistance tuberculosis (MDR-TB) burden in Africa and the 13th highest in the world.

Ironically, current efforts are not enough to find, treat and cure people suffering from the ailment even though treatment centres for drug-resistant TB have grown from one in 2010 to 12 in 2014.

Some 15 states are said to have initiated treatment of drug-resistant TB patients in their communities. Dr. Gabriel Akang, National Coordinator,  NTBLCP said the directly observed treatment short course (DOTS) services are currently provided in about 6000 health facilities in the country, and diagnosis in 1515 microscopy laboratories.

DOTS is said to be a cost-effective strategy that consists of physically observing patients as they take the TB medications to ensure treatment compliance.

It reportedly has shown cure rates of up to 95 per cent in relatively poorer countries.

Last week, the Minister of Health, Dr. Khaliru Al-Hassan said the NTBLCP and the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA) in collaboration with partners have increased capacity for diagnosis of TB among persons living with HIV and drugs-resistant TB through the installation of new diagnostic machines across the nation.

But also heartening is the promise to search the urban slums and communities to fish out the patients.

7 Signs You’re Way Too Stressed

Stress has become an everyday occurrence for many people these days. It’s safe to say that stress is normal.

If you don’t have stress, you’re the odd one out.

According to the American Psychological Association, more than half of us deal with stress on a regular basis. And those dealing with the pressures of life have more anxiety, hypertension, depression and obesity than those that don’t have daily stress.

But, did you know that there are silent signs that you could be more stressed than you think?

Aside from the heart palpitations and the obvious signs you are under stress, there is a host of seemingly unrelated symptoms that creep up when you are too stressed.

Review this list of 7 signs and see if you are dealing with more stress than you originally thought

1. You Start to Get Eyelid Twitches
Ever have an eyelid twitch? It’s annoying for you, but a tell tale sign that you’re doing too much for your body to handle.

These muscle twitches around the eye can last for a few minutes and stress can be the reason behind it although doctors don’t know why.

If you notice your eye twitching, try using lubricant eye drops to help calm the eyelid muscle. Also, try closing your eyes and take a deep breathe. When this usually happens, the twitching will stop.

2. You Have Headaches Everyday
It isn’t uncommon to have headaches when you are under stress. Studies have shown that the more stress you have, the more headaches you end up getting.

How much is too much? If you have more than 15 headaches a month, you are considered having chronic headaches. These headaches are usually tension headaches, forming on the back and neck and moving up to your temples.

To lessen your chances of a headache, try these quick natural tips:

Make sure you have proper posture when sitting or standing
Try to get a good night’s rest
Drink plenty of water to combat dehydration, which can contribute to a headache
Opt for some muscle relaxation techniques like a massage or hot bath when you’ve had a rough day

3. Your Mouth Starts to Hurt
An achy mouth is another sign you are more stressed than you think.

Clenching your jaw at night or during the day has been known to worsen stress and you may not realize you’re even doing it.

If you suspect you’re a jaw clencher at night, you can opt for a night guard. Using one can help stop teeth grinding, so it’s worth the investment.

4. Your Hair Is Falling Out
It’s normal for you to lose around 100 hairs a day, but if you find you’re grabbing clumps of hair out while you’re in the shower, you could be dealing with more stress than you previously thought.

Your hair follicle is stimulated by androgens and when that hormone spikes (due to stress), your hair temporarily falls out.

While there isn’t a magic pill to grow your hair back, having a balanced diet with healthy fats will help restore its shine and lustre.

5. Your Skin Is Itchy
When you’re faced with stress on a daily basis, your body’s immune system is thrown off whack, leaving you vulnerable to a host of problems, one of which is itchy skin.

Stress and anxiety can bring on:

Stress hives – hives are bumps on the skin. While these are usually caused by allergies, stress can definitely bring them on.

Heat rash – stress can sometimes make you sweaty, making it more likely to get a rash.
Perception itch – during high levels of stress, what would normally not be as itchy to you, is perceived as highly itchy causing you discomfort.
Triggered itch – anxiety and stress can trigger skin conditions such as eczema or acne.

To combat your itchy problem, try these natural solutions:

Make an oatmeal paste with dry oats and water and apply on the skin
Use witch hazel to relieve the itch
Cortisone cream can help hard-to-soothe itchy skin
Aloe Vera plant or Aloe Vera lotion can quickly dull the itch

6. Your Gums are Bleeding
Stress can raise your cortisol levels in your body, impairing your immune system’s ability to fight off infections and sickness.

Chronic levels of this stress hormone can allow bacteria to start to invade your mouth, leaving you with periodontal disease.

During high times of stress, protect your oral health by doing the following:

If you eat out, bring a toothbrush for a quick cleaning
Floss daily
Schedule regular dental cleanings
Get a good night’s rest
Avoid sugary drinks

7. Weird Dreams
Sleep helps us synthesize all the information and tasks we did for the day in positive and good feeling dreams.

When you are under stress, however, you’ll find that your dreams will be a bit odd, almost bizarre. You tend to ruminate and think about the day when trying to fall asleep which disrupts your sleep cycle and inhibits you from having excellent dreams.

To reclaim your dreams, try to opt for at least seven hours of sleep and stop having caffeine by noon.

Everybody has stress in their lives, but don’t make it a habit. Focus on what your body is trying to tell you – that you’re more stressed than you think.

Take the time to recognize these silent signs and improve how you manage your stress. Your body will thank you.

After looking at these sings, are you more stressed then you thought?